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Anti-dnase-b



Why Get Tested

To help determine whether you have had a prior strep infection with the bacteria group A Streptococcus to help diagnose complications resulting from a recent strep infection such as rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis a form of kidney disease

When To Get Tested

When you have symptoms such as fever chest pain fatigue and shortness of breath that suggest rheumatic fever or symptoms such as edema and dark urine that are associated with glomerulonephritis especially when you recently may have had a group A streptococcal infection that was not diagnosed and treated appropriately may be done along with or following an ASO test

Sample Required

A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm

Test Preparation Needed

None




Common Questions


The anti-DNase B test may be used to help determine whether a recent strep infection with group A Streptococcus Is the cause of a person s glomerulonephritis a form of kidney disease Caused rheumatic fever in a person with signs and symptoms The test may be ordered with an ASO another test used to detect prior strep infections In most cases throat and skin strep infections are identified and treated with antibiotics and the infections resolve In cases where the infections do not cause identifiable symptoms and or go undiagnosed and untreated however complications sequelae namely rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis can develop in some people especially young children If not diagnosed and treated appropriately group A streptococcal throat infections strep throat can lead to either rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis while strep skin infections can lead to glomerulonephritis The ASO test is ordered if a person presents with symptoms suggesting rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis and has had a recent history of sore throat characteristic skin infection or a confirmed streptococcal infection The anti-DNase B test may be ordered by itself or along with another streptococcal antibody test such as an antihyaluronidase if the ASO test is negative A small percentage 10-15 of those with a post-streptococcal complication will not have an elevated ASO but may have an elevated anti-DNase B or antihyaluronidase titer This is especially true with glomerulonephritis linked to a previous skin strep infection Since the incidence of post-streptococcal complications has dropped in the U S so has the use of the ASO test and anti-DNase B test

The anti-DNase and ASO test are ordered when a person has symptoms that a health practitioner suspects may be due to an illness caused by a previous strep infection They are ordered when the symptoms appear usually in the weeks following a sore throat or skin infection when the bacteria are no longer present in the throat or on the skin An anti-DNase B and another streptococcal antibody test such as an antihyaluronidase test may be ordered when an ASO test is negative to seek confirmation of a previous strep infection Some symptoms of rheumatic fever may include Fever Joint swelling and pain in more than one joint especially in the ankles knees elbows and wrists sometimes moving from one joint to another Small painless nodules under the skin Rapid jerky movements Sydenham s chorea Skin rash Sometimes the heart can become inflamed carditis this may not produce any symptoms but also may lead to shortness of breath heart palpitations or chest pain Some symptoms of glomerulonephritis may include Fatigue decreased energy Decreased urine output Bloody urine Rash Joint pain Swelling edema High blood pressure However these symptoms can be seen in other conditions Anti-DNase B testing may be performed twice with samples collected about two weeks apart for acute and convalescent titers This is done to determine if the antibody level is rising falling or remaining the same

Anti-DNase B and ASO antibodies are produced about a week to a month after an initial strep infection The amount of anti-DNase B antibody titer peaks about 4 to 6 weeks after the illness and may remain elevated for several months They typically remain elevated longer than ASO antibody titers Negative anti-DNase B and ASO tests or these antibodies present at very low titers means that the person tested most likely has not had a recent strep infection This is especially true if a sample taken 10 to 14 days later is also negative An elevated antibody titer of anti-DNase or ASO or rising titer of these antibodies means that it is likely that the person tested has had a recent strep infection A small percentage 10-15 of those who have a complication related to a recent strep infection will not have an elevated ASO titer This is especially true with glomerulonephritis that develops after a skin strep infection These people may however have an elevated anti-DNase B titer and or an elevation in another streptococcal antibody such as an elevated antihyaluronidase titer The anti-DNase B and ASO tests do not predict if complications will occur following a streptococcal infection nor do they predict the type or severity of the disease If symptoms of rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis are present an elevated anti-DNase B and or ASO titer may be used to help confirm the diagnosis

If a person has an elevated and or rising ASO titer it is not necessary to test for anti-DNase B However if the ASO level is negative then the anti-DNase B can be valuable for identifying previous strep infections in those people who either do not produce ASO or only produce minimal amounts of it

No because Anti-DNase B and ASO are not detectable when a person first becomes infected A throat culture or a rapid strep test is the best method to diagnose streptococcal pharyngitis It is important that strep throat be promptly identified and treated to avoid complications and to avoid passing the infection on to others

These complications develop after the initial strep infection resolves There is a delay when signs and symptoms of these sequelae appear after the streptococcal infection about 1-2 weeks for glomerulonephritis and about 2-3 weeks for rheumatic fever

No In general these tests are only performed when someone has symptoms suggesting that a complication may have developed after a group A strep infection that was not diagnosed and treated appropriately Most people do not experience these complications so these tests are not routinely done

Most doctors offices will not perform this test and some laboratories may not offer it Your blood will typically be sent to a reference laboratory for testing