Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus named SARS-COV2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2). COVID-19 has been declared as a life threatening pandemic disease by WHO recently. This new virus and disease came to light an outbreak in Wuhan, China in December 2019.
WHAT IS CORONAVIRUS ?
Coronaviruses are crown shaped viruses which can cause disease in humans or animals. In humans several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory illness ranging from common cold to severe respiratory diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome(MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS). The most recently discovered virus in this family causes COVID-19 .
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF COVID-19 ?
People infected with COVID-19 may present with common symptoms like fever, dry cough and tiredness. Some patients may also present with muscle ache, sore throat, diarrhea and headache. About 80% may also remain asymptomatic i.e. without experiencing any of the above symptoms and thus requiring no treatment. Symptoms range from mild to severe. Around 1 out of 6 people get seriously ill and develop difficulty in breathing. Those who are old or with underlying disease like heart problems, cancer, diabetes and immune compromised states are at higher risk of developing serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty in breathing should get medical advice at the earliest. The time from exposure to virus to appearance of symptoms may range from 2 to 14 days.
HOW DOES THE CORONAVIRUS SPREAD?
The SARS-COV2 spreads via aerosol and contact from an infected patient. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets produced from the mouth or nose while coughing, sneezing or exhaling. These droplets then settle on surfaces and contact with these surfaces with subsequent touching of the eyes, nose or mouth can also cause spread of the disease.
PROTECTIVE MEASURES OF COVID-19* Be aware of the latest information from reliable sources like WHO, CDC OR MOHFW DEPARTMENT. * Regularly and frequently practice hand hygiene with alcohol based hand rubs or soap and water for at least 20 to 30 seconds. * Practice cough etiquette and use masks to protect others and ourselves. * Follow social distancing at public places and maintain a distance of 1m. * Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. * Stay at home if you are feeling ill and take medical advice whenever needed.
HOW IS COVID-19 DIAGNOSED ?
If you experience any of the above symptoms, kindly contact your doctor. The doctor will decide if there is a need for testing of COVID-19 depending upon your symptoms and detailed history including that of travel. The presently recommended test for diagnosis of COVID-19 world over is RT-PCR.
WHAT DDRC SRL OFFERS FOR COVID-19 DIAGNOSIS?
DDRC SRL PVT LTD was the first approved standalone laboratory by ICMR for COVID-19 testing in Kerala. We are doing the Coronavirus testing at our Genetics department, Panampilly Nagar, Ernakulam. The test performed is confirmatory RT-PCR assay as recommended by ICMR. Testing shall be conducted on prescription from a licenced medical practitioner as per current recommended guidelines by ICMR. For more details, please check our website (www.ddrcsrl.com) or contact our laboratory.